1Get together a few items your dog might like to chew on, your clicker and some good treats like cheese or turkey. 2)Have a piece of food ready in your other hand as you encourage your dog to chew on one of the objects 3)Try to get her to pick up the object again so you can continue practicing, but beware that once your dog knows there are treats involved she may want to keep her mouth free for eating! 4)Repeat the process in #2 exactly, but this time you will be sneaky and won't actually have the treat in the hand that you put close to her nose ("empty fingers"). 5)Get your hard chew again and some really fresh yummy treats (meat or cheese). 6)Practice the "drop it" with real-life objects around that she enjoys but are not allowed
Why teach a dog to "drop it"? If you have a young puppy, you know the answer to this - it's because they frequently have something valuable or dangerous in their mouths! The goal is that when you cue "drop it", your dog will open her mouth and allow you to retrieve the item. It is very important to make sure your dog is making a good bargain with you for her prize (you give her a good treat) and that you stay calm and don't chase her. If this is taught correctly, your dog will be happy to hear you say "drop it". If your dog isn't happy to hear "drop it" for all items yet, then it is best to keep those items out of reach until you have practiced with them. This exercise is also important because it can prevent food guarding. If your dog knows that you do not "steal", she will not worry about you approaching favorite items.
1) Pick your training treat: To train this command you need to figure out what treat your dog adores above all others. You're basically going to be offering to trade whatever he's holding for the treat, so it has to be a treat that's really worth it. Cheese? Hotdogs? Liver? Don't hold back.
2) Offer a trade. Play with your dog with a toy--don't use one of her favorites--and get her to take it from you. When she has the toy in her mouth, put one of the treats right in front of her mouth and nose. If you've picked the right treat, she will open her mouth to take the treat; and the toy will fall out. Do this a few times till you've both got the hang of it.
3) Associate the command: Now, offer the trade, and the instant the dog opens his mouth, say "Drop it." Timing is important: you must say it precisely as the mouth starts to open.
4) Repeat, repeat, repeat. Give the dog many chances over the course of several days to trade the toy for the treat while you say the command. With repetition, the dog will learn to associate mouth-opening with "Drop it" the way Pavlov's dogs associated bell-ringing with food.